I. PROJECT PORTFOLIO CONSTRUCTION TYPES: SLOPE/PITCHED & FLAT/LOW SLOPE
II. MATERIALS AND BENEFITS
There are many types of this roofing system, with numerous shingle options. Plus, it is very practical. For example, during the winter and rainy seasons, precipitation does not accumulate on a sloped roof and rainwater easily flows through the drainage system. Coupled with the architectural variety, the sloped roof is the most popular residential design. The structure can be simple, complex, or combined.
- Four Sided Sloped
- Half Hipped
- Mult- Pitched Gable
A broach spire is a type of pyramid conical structure, usually on the top of a tower or turret. A broach spire starts on a square base and is carried up to a tapering octagonal.
Dome-shapes usually only cover part of the building. A frame of curved, soft materials, such as tar paper and shingles, and flexible galvanized steel or plastic tile are used. Dome roofs are also formed out of curved frame elements, and planks.
The arched, streamlined design allows for airflow and does not accumulate snow or water. Different materials can be used to manufacture arched roofs. The main structural component of vaulted roofing is a light aluminum frame. The arched roof is ideal for covering large sports facilities, warehouses, commercial property and concert venues. Quick installation, light weight, reliability, and aesthetic completeness, are the advantages of vaulted roof systems.
II. MATERIALS AND BENEFITS:
Composition Shingles are made of carrier sheets that ae coated with asphalt and granulated. They are made in a wide array of colors. Many manufacturers meet Energy Star Requirements and certain product lines are eligible for tax credits. A common lower cost product, they are a popular choice of home owners, property managers, and builders.
Tile offers true aesthetic value in many colors and styles. Flat tiles are available that imitate the appearance of expensive slate roofing. High quality ceramic tile can withstand just about any climate, condition. Tile is thermally efficient, a good insulator, and it can last for centuries when baked at a sufficiently high temperature. Cast concrete, in any form, gets stronger as it gets older and is usually offered with a lifetime warranty. In addition, it is not prone to damage from insects, rot, or sun, is heavy so it resists wind damage. Roofs made of either of these two materials can be fire proof, durable, and long lasting.
Basically, tiles are made out of either kiln-baked glazed ceramic, or cast in concrete. Tile roofs offer a highly durable roofing solution with beautiful appeal. Tiles, like shingles, are available in a wide variety of colors and designs.
WOOD SHINGLES AND WOOD SHAKE
Wood shingles are typically made of cedar and usually treated with a fire retardant. They are often used in areas of low humidity. Split wood shakes are aesthetically pleasing and long lasting. Shakes, due to their rough look, are desired in certain architecture. They take longer to install than typical shingles and sometimes are installed for decorative purposes-with another roof underneath them when used for low sloped applications. For residential roofing asphalt composition and wood shake are the most common.
Wood shingled roofs are attractive and insulate, but they are also prone to problems. Since moisture effects all wood products, it is important to keep wood roofing dry, clean, and the underside of it ventilated. Leaves, dirt, and debris collecting on a wood roof retain moisture and should be cleaned off often. Adequate attic ventilation can reduce moisture build-up underneath the shingles, too. Applying chemical treatments to a wood roof will extend its life, but it is best to use wood that has been treated before it is installed to assure complete coverage. A wood roof will need regular attention-if you want it to last. Touching up problem areas with sealant helps, but don't expect a wood roof to last more than 20 or 30 years.
- Grade or quality
- The pitch or slope of the roof
- The roof's sun and weather exposure
- The wood shingle or wood shake roof's exposure to overhanging trees or debris that may hold water on its surface
- The roof's exposure to shade that may promote moss or lichens growth
- Flashing material, installation quality, and details
Asphalt shingles come in two forms–fiberglass and organic–and are rated by weight. They can last from 15 to 25 years, depending on weight and installation. Installation in warm weather is recommended as it helps to mold the shingles together. Taper sawn shakes are sawn on both sides. Tapersplit shakes are hand split on both sides. Hand-splitting increases material costs because it is labor-intensive. Some asphalt shingles are made to look like wood shingles.
METAL Metal roofs are some of the soundest and most durable. Both shingle and panel metal roofs are extremely low-maintenance. They carry a 20 to 40 year warranty, and many last for years longer. More expensive metal roofing products often pay off in the long run. A top quality metal roof, installed by a qualified professional, ensures that you are making an investment that can last a lifetime! Metal is lightweight and comes in an array of designs, shapes, and colors- including copper- achieving a myriad of architectural effects.
FLAT/LOW SLOPE Material selections are fewer with flat/low slope roofs. Residential roofs of this type are installed the same way as commercial and industrial flat roofs. Flat/low slope systems, and the products typically installed with them, are less expensive-but also have a shorter lifespan-remaining in good condition for 15 or 20 years. Nevertheless, treating a flat/low slope roof with regular inspections and maintenance will enable it to last for a few decades. For more information, please click the links below.
LINKS TO COMMERCIAL, FLAT/LOW SLOPE ROOFING: