Residential

I.  PROJECT PORTFOLIO CONSTRUCTION TYPES:  SLOPE/PITCHED & FLAT/LOW SLOPE

II.  MATERIALS AND BENEFITS


SLOPED/PITCHED
There are many types of this roofing system, with numerous shingle options. Plus, it is very practical. For example, during the winter and rainy seasons, precipitation does not accumulate on a sloped roof and rainwater easily flows through the drainage system. Coupled with the architectural variety, the sloped roof is the most popular residential design. The structure can be simple, complex, or combined.


BASIC TYPES OF RESIDENTIAL ROOFS:roofpitchdiagramrooftypes

  •  Lean-To
  • Ridge
  • Four Sided Sloped
  • Half Hipped
  • Hipped
  • Gable
  • Mult- Pitched Gable
  • Mansard
  • Pyramid
  • Domed
  • Broach
  • Conical
  • Vaulted

 


LEAN-TO
Lean-to’s have a truss system resting on walls of various heights. A ramp is formed because one of the walls is slightly higher than the other one. lean-toroof

It does not accumulate water, which slowly drains in the direction of the slope, so the draining system provides reliable dryness to the construction.


RIDGEridgeroofRidge Roofs are popular for private homes. Sometimes called a gable roof, it’s two-slopes rest on walls of the same height forming a triangle. Installation is more difficult than a lean-to, but material choices are increased. Ridge roofs easily cope with snow, rain, or wind, and look nicer than lean-to construction.


FOUR SIDED SLOPED
Four sided sloped roofs can be used for construction of any buildings that are at a sufficient distance from other facilities.
4sidedslopedroof


HALF-HIPPED half-hippedroof 
One of the varieties of hipped roofs, the half-hipped, has a truncated triangular ramp, usually located higher than the trapezoidal ramps. Its only drawback is the large amount of material needed to cover the parts of the roof that are adjacent to its edges.


HIPPEDpyramidroof2
A pyramid shape, built over a rectangular structure with a ridge across the top part of the roof.


GABLEgableroof2
A gable roof has 2 sloped sides of the same angle that meet at the top. It appears as a symetrical triangle. They are most common in the United States, especially in areas with heavy snowfall.


MULTI-PITCHED GABLE
multipitchedgableroofmultigableroofThis usually has a very complex structure due to a large number of external ribs and valleys. When installing the roof it is necessary to refer to those who have experience of its installation. It is used for homes of a polygonal shape with many different extensions and side mansards.


MANSARDmansardroof

Mansard also refers to gable roofs that have broken line skates. The increase in the area and volume of the attic is called a mansard. Pentagonal shaped, gable mansard roofs are attention grabbing. A linear drainage system manages ponding of water on large, small, and flat areas. Attics are possible and creating an attic under the roof is the cheapest way to obtain additional space.


PYRAMID HIP ROOF
There are several types of hipped or hip roofs. As seen above, a normal hipped roof is built over a rectangular structure with a ridge across the top part of the roof. If there is no ridge, such that all four sloping roof surfaces meet at a single point, the roof is a pyramid hip. Three other conditions for a typical pyramid hip are:  Four triangular surfaces, eaves of the same length, and a square base. hippedroofA definite design advantage of the symmetrical pyramid hip roof is that it is striking from all angles. It has an aerodynamic shape, so they are not easily damaged by high winds, are very durable, have overhanging eaves that provide shade for the building, and  have a very distinctive look. On the other hand, they don’t allow for substantial attic space and don’t always encourage as much water run-off as a gable. Finally, the pyramid hip roof requires more materials to cover the larger surface area and the extra shingles and labor increase costs.


BROACH
pyramidhipbroachroof2pyramidhipbroachroofA broach roof has four ramps of identical triangles which meet at a tipping point. The installation is difficult due to a very difficult truss system.
broachspireroof

A broach spire is a type of pyramid conical structure, usually on the top of a tower or turret. A broach spire starts on a square base and is carried up to a tapering octagonal.


DOMED
domeroof2domeroof3
Dome-shapes usually only cover part of the building. A frame of curved, soft materials, such as tar paper and shingles, and flexible galvanized steel or plastic tile are used. Dome roofs are also formed out of curved frame elements, and planks.


CONICALconicalroofqueenanneConical roofs are mostly used for buildings with circular contours and on frame houses.


VAULTED
vaultedroofThe arched, streamlined design allows for airflow and does not accumulate snow or water. Different materials can be used to manufacture arched roofs. The main structural component of vaulted roofing is a light aluminum frame. The arched roof is ideal for covering large sports facilities, warehouses, commercial property and concert venues. Quick installation, light weight, reliability, and aesthetic completeness, are the advantages of vaulted roof systems.


II.  MATERIALS AND BENEFITS:


COMPOSITION SHINGLES
compositionshinglehouseComposition Shingles are made of carrier sheets that ae coated with asphalt and granulated. They are made in a wide array of colors.compositionshingles2  Many manufacturers meet Energy Star Requirements and certain product lines are eligible for tax credits.  A common lower cost product, they are a popular choice of home owners, property managers, and builders.


TILE
tileroofhousewithfountainTile offers true aesthetic value in many colors and styles. Flat tiles are available that  imitate the appearance of expensive slate roofing. High quality ceramic tile can withstand just about any climate, condition. Tile is thermally efficient, a good insulator, and it can last for centuries when baked at a sufficiently high temperature. Cast concrete, in any form, gets stronger as it gets older and is usually offered with a lifetime warranty. In addition, it is not prone to damage from insects, rot, or sun, is heavy so it  resists wind damage. Roofs made of either of these two materials can be fire proof, durable, and long lasting.
tileicon2Basically, tiles are made out of either kiln-baked glazed ceramic, or cast in concrete. Tile roofs offer a highly durable roofing solution with beautiful appeal. Tiles, like shingles, are available in a wide variety of colors and designs.tilerooftexture


WOOD SHINGLES AND WOOD SHAKE
Wood shingles are typically made of cedar and usually treated with a fire retardant. They are often used in areas of low humidity. Split wood shakes are aesthetically pleasing and long lasting. Shakes, due to their rough look, are desired in certain architecture. They take longer to install than typical shingles and sometimes are installed for decorative purposes-with another roof underneath them when used for low sloped applications. For residential roofing asphalt composition and wood shake are the most common. shingleroofresidential
Wood shingled roofs are attractive and insulate, but they are also prone to problems. Since moisture effects all wood products, it is important to keep wood roofing dry, clean, and the underside of it ventilated. Leaves, dirt, and debris collecting on a wood roof retain moisture and should be cleaned off often. Adequate attic ventilation can reduce moisture build-up underneath the shingles, too. Applying chemical treatments to a wood roof will extend its life, but it is best to use wood that has been treated before it is installed to assure complete coverage. A wood roof will need regular attention-if you want it to last. Touching up problem areas with sealant helps, but don't expect a wood roof to last more than 20 or 30 years.

Wood shingle and wood shake roof life expectancy varies considerably, depending on: roofshake

  • Grade or quality
  • Installation
  • Ventilation
  • The pitch or slope of the roof
  • The roof's sun and weather exposure
  • The wood shingle or wood shake roof's exposure to overhanging trees or debris that may hold water on its surface
  • The roof's exposure to shade that may promote moss or lichens growth
  • Flashing material, installation quality, and details

ASPHALT SHINGLES

asphaltcompositionshinglesasphalttextureroofAsphalt shingles come in two forms–fiberglass and organic–and are rated by weight. They can last from 15 to 25 years, depending on weight and installation. Installation in warm weather is recommended as it helps to mold the shingles together. Taper sawn shakes are sawn on both sides. Tapersplit shakes are hand split on both sides. Hand-splitting increases material costs because it is labor-intensive. Some asphalt shingles are made to look like wood shingles.


SLATEslateroofhouse Slate ages very well on residential roofs. However, slate application is very specialized and few contractors excel in this type of installation.


METAL metalroofhouseMetal roofs are some of the soundest and most durable. Both shingle and panel metal roofs are extremely low-maintenance. They carry a 20 to 40 year warranty, and many last for years longer. More expensive metal roofing products often pay off in the long run. A top quality metal roof, installed by a qualified professional, ensures that you are making an investment that can last a lifetime! Metal is lightweight and comes in an array of designs, shapes, and colors- including copper- achieving a myriad of architectural effects.metalroofbuilding


 FLAT/LOW SLOPE flatroofonhouseMaterial selections are fewer with flat/low slope roofs. Residential roofs of this type are installed the same way as commercial and industrial flat roofs. Flat/low slope systems, and the products typically installed with them, are less expensive-but also have a shorter lifespan-remaining in good condition for 15 or 20 years. Nevertheless, treating a flat/low slope roof with regular inspections and maintenance will enable it to last for a few decades. For more information, please click the links below.


LINKS TO COMMERCIAL, FLAT/LOW SLOPE ROOFING:

PORTFOLIO, BENEFITS, CONSTRUTION, AND MATERIALS

COMMERCIAL ROOFING PRODUCTS      LEARN ABOUT COMMERCIAL ROOFING

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